Abstract: Moyamoya disease is a rare, progressive blood vessel (vascular) disorder in which the carotid artery in the skull becomes blocked or narrowed, reducing blood flow to the brain. Tiny blood vessels then open up at the base of the brain in an attempt to supply the brain with blood. The word “moyamoya” means “puff of smoke” in Japanese, a term describing the appearance of cluster of tiny blood vessels.These tiny clusters of blood vessels cannot supply the necessary blood and oxygen to the brain, resulting in temporary or permanent brain injury.The condition may cause a ministroke (transient ischemic attack, or TIA), stroke, bulge or ballooning in a blood vessel (aneurysm) or bleeding in the brain. It also affectsthe brain function and cause cognitive and developmental delays or disability.Moyamoya disease most commonly affects children, but adults may have the condition. This disease is found all over the world, but more common in East Asian countries, especially Korea, Japan and China and in people of East Asian descent.
ARUL JOTHI V, DEVI C G ,SUNIL KUMAR
Moyamoya disease, stroke,disability.